Washington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & Security
Washington, DC 20001
African rejection: The United State strategic loss and impact

The sudden removal of over 1000 US special Operations troops and drones operators last month from Niger and Chad should be worrying for Washington. The United State strategy in Africa has not proven impactful. This is about focusing on security partnerships instead of democracy. It is good for the US to adopt the new strategy.

In order to fight terrorism, many troops were sent there. But due to the demand of new rules from the Government, they are being pulled out. Many countries including Russia and Iran are moving in to take advantage of the vacuum of power. This is the major reason that the United State has to reconsider its strategy. About ten years ago when US forces arrived, Africa was more safe as compared to now. 

Now, the fight against terrorism is not led by the United States anymore. It is good for the United States to try a different approach. It includes helping  African countries with their economic and social problems by promoting inclusive governance and stronger institutions. 

Furthermore, the United State often drops its commitment to promote democracy. And some use to call  nation-building, when it gets caught up in responding to local crises like terrorism threats in the Sahel, an area south of the Sahara Desert.

American nations can not impose their decisions on African nations. One nation can choose partners according to their own interests and standards.If the African government likes to choose Moscow instead of Washington, it’s important to understand the reason behind it instead of opposing them. 

Power is the main factor that is considered by many Sahelian leaders. Especially when they choose their allies. So that Moscow provides support that Washington cannot. For 

example military support that the United State cannot provide and should not try to match. 

Others seek to diversify partnerships, aiming for the best deals in infrastructure, education, agriculture, and mineral extraction.

After the Sept 11 attacks, Washington security concerns arose in the broader Sahel region. Furthermore, the things that fuelled a potential jihadist threat was weak governance and severe poverty. However, it wasn’t until 2012, when extremist groups linked to Al Qaeda started taking over cities in northern Mali, that U.S. troops were deployed to the area.

Since then, these jihadists have not been as much of a threat to U.S. interests as our military presence suggests. Instead, they have taken advantage of weak governments in the Sahel. Local leaders have had a hard time fighting the threat and haven’t been able to provide services or good governance in their crowded and poor rural areas.

The presence of the military suggests that these jihadists have not been as much of a threat to US interests.  Instead, they have taken advantage of weak governments in the Sahel. However, local leaders have had a hard time fighting the threat. They have not been able to provide security and good services in their crowded areas. 

In 2012 the US first started sending security trainers to the region. At that time, approximately 6 military governments are in power. With all of this there are many new Russian military outposts. 

The call from the United Nations to the US was  forced to leave Niger and Chad. Additionally, the military governments of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger have expelled France, their former colonial ruler.

It is a very difficult task for the US to monitor the illegal activities in Africa due to losing military bases in Niger and Chad. The United State officials are struggling to find the new drone bases, but the pullout is a major strategic loss.

Russia and Iran are stepping in, with Russia’s military advisers gaining influence and aiming to secure ports on the Red Sea and Atlantic. Iran is making deals in Niger and selling weapons to Sudan.

U.S. officials call this a new Cold War, which alienates African nations who feel the U.S. is only interested in countering rivals. Instead of escalating, the U.S. should rethink its security partnerships in Africa, focusing on real threats and supporting democratic values. Washington must balance its interests with respect for African countries’ choices to succeed.


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