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What does the death of President Ebrahim Raisi mean for Human Rights?

Many officials along with Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, and Foreign Minister Amir Abdollahian died on Monday in the helicopter crash. This incident happened in East Azerbaijan province. The death of the great leader of Iran might impact human rights in the country. 

After the 1979 revolution no senior official of Iran has faced any punishment for human rights violations. Additionally, Raisi is strongly connected to this history of abuse. Many Iranian families have a desire for President Ebrahim Raisi to be held accountable for the government’s illegal actions and crimes. 

In 1988, Raisi was one of four people on a panel that sentenced thousands of political prisoners to death. These panels ignored fair trial standards, and the resulting mass executions should be investigated as crimes against humanity.

Formally the judicial branch of Iran headed by Raisi. After some time this person played the role of Iran President and led the executive branch. President Ebrahim Raisi is the leader that played the major role in enforcing harsh policies. It includes violent crackdowns on widespread protests in 2019 and the 2022 “women, life, freedom” protests after Mahsa Jina Amini died in the custody of the morality police. The person behind the execution of the protest after the unfair trial was also Raisi. 

It is important to know that not only the President was involved behind the oppressive system of Iran. Other elements of the government also play a key role. Many officials contribute  to the repressive actions seen in the country. There is no change in the fundamental structure of Iran even if the President changes. 

The simple fact is that human rights violations are likely to continue. If we want to change the system then deeper level changes are necessary. This is the only way to address issues like human rights violations effectively. Without such fundamental changes, the situation is expected to stay the same, and the people will continue to face repression. It’s crucial to recognize that a comprehensive transformation is required to bring about lasting improvements in human rights in Iran.

Furthermore, it is important to hold a presidential election within 50 days according to the constitution of Iran. For this purpose 28 June is the tentative date set for it. If we throw light on the past Presidential election then it has not been very free and fair.However some candidates and parties have been allowed to express their opinion on different types of issues. It includes social and political freedoms.

For more than ten years, Iran’s Guardian Council has been making it harder for elected groups to influence government decisions. They do this by controlling who can run for office, which limits the choices voters have. In the 2021 presidential elections, they even stopped the parliament speaker from running, showing how much control they have over who can be involved in politics.

It is important to run the different offices in Iran on Islamic principles and constitution. This is the reason for the Guardian Council, the group that selects candidates for running office. This means they choose candidates who agree with them, reducing the options voters have. 

By stopping important people, like the parliament speaker, from running, the Guardian Council makes sure they have a lot of power over politics. This makes elected groups, like the parliament, weaker and less able to influence government decisions.

This is the major reason that the Guardian Council has a great control on Iran’s government. Also the other groups that are not elected. This raises serious concerns about the democracy and fair presidential election in Iran. Also one can clearly understand how much power the people really have in choosing their leaders.

So, it is important to understand that the absence of Raisi does not bring real changes in Iran regarding human rights. If big changes happen in politics then this may lead to improvement of human rights in Iran. 


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