Washington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & Security
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African conflict zones: Assessing threats to US interests

It captures the most current international events, such as the conflicts in Sudan, Russia-Ukraine, Israel-Hamas, and the Red Sea. The US went on to say that Africa’s susceptibility to terrorism constituted a danger to US interests.  “terrorists will continue to be interested in carrying out attacks against US citizens, allies, and interests worldwide using chemical, biological, and radioactive materials.” It cautions that they might take advantage of continuing conflicts to get these lethal weapons.

Assessing regional instability

Terrorists connected to both ISIS and Al Qaeda in the Horn of Africa might take advantage of the chaos and use uncontrolled social media to recruit fighters. According to the statement, Russia would depend on paramilitary organizations and private military and security companies (PSMSCs) to accomplish its goals. In addition to being employed “to hide Moscow’s hand in sensitive operations, and to project influence and power in the Middle East and Africa,” the main purpose of this is to serve as witnesses on the battlefield in Ukraine. 

Because they “heighten the risks of conflict spreading beyond Sudan’s borders, external actors joining the fray, and civilians facing death and displacement,” Washington is concerned about crises in Africa, like the one in Sudan. On April 15, the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces will mark a year since the start of the conflict in Sudan. However, that is by no means a Sudanese problem. Sudan’s strategic location at the intersection of the Horn of Africa, the Sahel, and North Africa makes it vulnerable to terrorist and criminal networks operating there.

Battleground for extremism

Foreign military assistance to Sudan’s warring factions may be increasing, which will probably impede the development of any upcoming peace negotiations. If one external actor gets more involved, others can swiftly follow suit. In the past, Russia and the UAE have been charged for arming rebels in Sudan. China is said to be primarily employing propaganda and other instruments to expand its influence throughout Africa. The People’s Liberation Army, or PLO, the military of China, has also been extending its reach, initially to the Ream Naval Base in Djibouti, Africa, and currently to other locations. The fact that China has demonstrated orbital technology, demonstrating its capacity to control future space-based weapons, worries the US as well. The most active and persistent cyberthreat to the US government, commercial industry, and vital infrastructure networks is still Cyber China.

Persistent challenges of State Fragility

China is exerting influence with more complexity, as seen by its experiments with generative AI. During the US midterm election cycle in 2022, candidates from both political parties were allegedly targeted by TikTok accounts operated by a PRC propaganda arm. The US has not yet referred to these rivalries as “wars.” Rather, it refers to them as “strategic competition” between superpowers, which has resulted in “multiple regional conflicts with far-reaching implications, and more intense and unpredictable transnational challenges.” Prominent non-state entities, along with an assertive but cautious China, a belligerent Russia, and some regional powers like Iran are upending established international norms and US dominance in them. The US is trying to convince allies like the Netherlands not to use Huawei equipment and not to sell semiconductor technology to China, which is a sign of their concern about China’s capabilities.

Resource wars and regional instability

The Congress recently voted 352 to 65 to prohibit the TikTok video-sharing website, which is controlled by China, on the grounds of national security, which is the largest acknowledgement that the US is appalled by China’s technical prowess. Despite the fact that many American firms rely on the app for revenue, President Joe Biden says he would sign the measure if it comes to his desk from the Senate. The Communist Party of China (CPC), according to US officials, uses TikTok to spy on US residents, military personnel, and technology advancements. Tehran will be able to show off how effectively it can use the Axis of Resistance Lebanese Hezbollah, the Houthis, and Iranian-backed militias in Iraq and Syria to challenge Western hegemony because of decades of forging relationships, giving assistance, money, weapons, and training to its allies and proxies throughout the Middle East.


In conclusion, Several of Salvini’s colleagues shared his opinions. Using Hinduism as an example, Senate Speaker Ignazio La Russa brought up the possibility of other schools shutting on other religious holidays. The presence of Russian mercenary camps in northern Niger would provide the Kremlin the chance to use drones there in the future to pose a threat to NATO’s southern flank.


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