Washington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & Security
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Netanyahu's Vision For Post-War Gaza: Security Control And Local Governance

Benjamin Netanyahu, the prime minister of Israel, has outlined his plans for Gaza after the conflict. According to his idea, the land would be governed by Palestinians who had no ties to anti-Israel organizations, and Israel would have permanent authority over security. The US, Israel’s main backer, wants the Palestinian Authority (PA), which is located in the West Bank, to rule Gaza following the conflict. However, the PA is not mentioned in the brief text that Mr. Netanyahu gave to the ministers last night. He has already ruled out the body receiving foreign support having a post-war function.

Rebuilding Infrastructure

On the territory’s border with Egypt, a “Southern Closure” would be implemented to stop both overland and underground smuggling. Additionally, all educational, welfare, and religious organizations would support “de-radicalization” initiatives. Although Mr. Netanyahu has not stated which Arab nations have expertise with these kinds of initiatives, the text implies that they will be engaged. Israel would also be tasked with keeping air, sea, and land security control over the region west of Jordan. Since he started his military campaign, Mr. Netanyahu has been under pressure to publish recommendations for Gaza from both domestic and international sources. In order to bolster his already waning credibility as a capable leader who can protect Israel, he will make an effort to win over the hard-line right-wing members of his coalition government. A representative for PA President Mahmoud Abbas declared that Mr. Netanyahu’s proposal was bound to fail.

Humanitarian Assistance

According to the plan, which Netanyahu presented to his security cabinet late on Thursday, the Israeli army will continue to fight Hamas until it meets certain objectives. These include getting rid of Islamic Jihad and Hamas and ensuring the release of all hostages who are still detained in Gaza. Key components of Netanyahu’s plan were published by the Times of Israel newspaper, which stated that Gaza’s civil affairs will be managed by “local officials with administrative experience” who are “not linked to countries or entities that support terrorism” after the conflict. Nabil Abu Rudeineh stated: “If the world is genuinely interested in having security and stability in the region, it must end Israel’s occupation of Palestinian land and recognise an independent Palestinian state.” 

Mr. Netanyahu restated his opposition to any unilateral acknowledgement of a Palestinian state by nations in the West. According to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, the US is against both Israel reoccupying Gaza and shrinking the region. Terrorism cannot have a place in Gaza. There’s no way that Israel should take over Gaza again. At a G20 ministerial conference in Argentina, he declared, “The size of Gaza territory should not be reduced.”

Security Measures

The plan called for the Israeli army to have “indefinite freedom” to operate across Gaza long after the war to prevent any rebirth of terror activity. “The plan states that Israel will move forward with its already-in-motion project to establish a security buffer zone on the Palestinian side of the strip’s border,” according to the article, and that it will continue “as long as there is a security need for it” . In order to stop terrorist groups from growing stronger in the Gaza Strip and from posing a threat to Israel, it also calls for Israeli security forces to have authority “over the entire area west of Jordan” from the air, sea, and land. According to the proposal, Gaza would be completely demilitarized beyond what is necessary for the demands of sustaining. Additionally, there is worldwide pressure for the conflict to halt as the humanitarian situation in Gaza deteriorates. Over 29,500 people have died since the start of the conflict, the majority of them were women and children, according to the Ministry of Health, which is managed by Hamas.

In conclusion, A number of major contributors to Unrwa withdrew their support for the organization last month after Unrwa fired many employees on the grounds that Israel had accused them of taking part in the October assaults. As part of his post-war strategy, Mr. Netanyahu intends to dismantle the agency and replace it with, as of yet, undisclosed foreign aid organizations. 

Furthermore, he has vowed to keep up the fight until Israel has defeated Islamic Jihad, the second-largest armed organization in Gaza, and all Israeli prisoners have been released. Israel’s settlement construction in the occupied West Bank has been characterized by the US as being in violation of international law. The UN fired the staff members who Israel had implicated and launched an internal investigation into the organization. Numerous nations have stopped supporting the organization since the Israeli accusations surfaced.


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