Washington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & SecurityWashington Institute For Defence & Security
Washington, DC 20001

A report indicates that Russia remains the top supplier of defense equipment to India, despite a drop in its share from 62% to 45% between 2017 and 2022. This decline coincides with India’s efforts to diversify its imports and boost its domestic defense industry, benefiting France, which is now in second place with a 29% share, followed by the US at 11%. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) report also shows that India remains the world’s largest arms importer, with a total imports drop of 11%. Moscow still holds a significant portion of the imports, thanks to its long-standing defense relationship with India. However, the report suggests that Russia’s position as the primary supplier is facing competition from other supplier states, increasing Indian arms production, and constraints on Russia’s arms exports due to its invasion of Ukraine. Delhi has not explicitly condemned the Ukraine war but has emphasized the importance of international law and respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states in its past statements. The decrease in Russian imports is largely due to India’s decision to search for new suppliers and promote local manufacturing. In contrast, France’s defense exports to India surged by 489% between 2013-17 and 2018-22. Delhi’s orders to France included about 62 combat aircraft and four submarines, leading to France displacing the US as India’s second-largest arms supplier.

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